Format: Hardcover

Language: English

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Size: 12.47 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

Pages: 1281

Publisher: The MIT Press (January 11, 1996)

ISBN: 0262071711

Information Modeling Methods and Methodologies: (Adv. Topics of Database Research) (Advanced Topics in Database Research)

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Compression reduces the size of a file: •To save space when storing it. •To save time when transmitting it. •Most files have lots of redundancy. JPEG is an image compression standard which was accepted as an international standard in 1992. Developed by the Joint Photographic Expert Group of the ISO/IEC For coding and compression of color/gray scale images Yields acceptable compression in the 10:1 range • JPEG is effective because of the following three observations Image data usually changes slowly across an image, especially within an 8x8 block • Therefore images contain much redundancy Experiments indicate that humans are not very sensitive to the high frequency data images • Therefore we can remove much of this data using transform coding. • Humans are much more sensitive to brightness (luminance) information than to color (chrominance) JPEG uses chroma subsampling (4:2:0) What is JPEG? "Joint Photographic Expert Group" -- an international standard in 1992. Works with colour and greyscale images, Many applications e.g., satellite, medical JPEG compression involves the following: JPEG Encoding Decoding - Reverse the order for encoding Steps for JPEG Compression: The Major Steps in JPEG Coding involve: DCT (Discrete Cosine Transformation): In this step, each block of 64 pixels goes through a transformation called the discrete cosine transform (DCT) __Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques: 12th International Workshop, APPROX 2009, and 13th ... Computer Science and General Issues)__. It can be used to describe a unit of analysis (e.g. a case study of a particular organisation) or to describe a research method. The discussion here concerns the use of the case study as a research method. Case study research is the most common qualitative method used in information systems ( Orlikowski and Baroudi, 1991; Alavi and Carlson, 1992 ). Although there are numerous definitions, Yin (2002) defines the scope of a case study as follows: A case study is an empirical inquiry that: investigates a contemporary phenomenon within its real-life context, especially when Clearly, the case study research method is particularly well-suited to IS research, since the object of our discipline is the study of information systems in organizations, and "interest has shifted to organizational rather than technical issues" ( Benbasat et al. 1987 ) *Pairing-Based Cryptography - Pairing 2007: First International Conference, Pairing 2007, Tokyo, Japan, July 2-4, 2007, Proceedings (Lecture Notes in Computer Science / Security and Cryptology)*.

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**Practical Internet Security**. Awardees are selected for their computing and IT aptitude, leadership ability, academic history, and plans for post-secondary education

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__Raptor Codes (Foundations and Trends(r) in Communications and Information)__. There remain vast areas for which not even the basic developmental lines are clear. Probably because of their special prestige, physics, chemistry, and astronomy dominate the historical literature of science. But even in these fields effort has been unevenly distributed, particularly in this century

**Foundations of Information Theory**. Ada Lovelace is credited with writing the first algorithm intended for processing on a computer Data Compression: The Complete Reference. Agent-based Systems- mostly about asynchronous agents communicating, reaching group decisions, etc. As you'll notice, pretty much everything is "the basics" of something and almost nothing is covered to a useful depth. The stuff that was actually worth doing, essential: OOP- and then some more, and then some more Functional programming- also some more

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*Analysis of Computer and Communication Networks*. NSF Research Award for Sustainable Water, Energy, and Food Nexus Dr. Gabriel Terejanu is part of a group of researchers that have received a $2M NSF grant for the creation of a "Center for a Sustainable Water, Energy, and Food Nexus (SusWEF)" Algebraic Aspects of Cryptography (Algorithms and Computation in Mathematics) (Volume 3). Fairness and transparency of the review process are pursued by traditional and innovative means, including the possibility of reviewers of accepted papers to disclose their identity and publish a brief commentary together with the article Mathematical Analysis, Wavelets, and Signal Processing: An International Conference on Mathematical Analysis and Signal Processing January 3-9, 1994 ... Cairo, Egypt (Contemporary Mathematics). Failing to find one would make the document non-relevant

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**Information Retrieval: Algorithms and Heuristics (The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science)**. Besides introducing Turing machines, Turing (1936) proved several seminal mathematical results involving them. In particular, he proved the existence of a universal Turing machine (UTM). Roughly speaking, a UTM is a Turing machine that can mimic any other Turing machine. One provides the UTM with a symbolic input that codes the machine table for Turing machine M. The UTM replicates M’s behavior, executing instructions enshrined by M’s machine table Advances in Databases: 13th British National Conference on Databases, BNCOD 13, Manchester, United Kingdom, July 12 - 14, 1995. Proceedings (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).