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Floating near the ocean’s surface, phytoplankton trap sunlight energy to make food. Fires have spread in extent and frequency in many tropical rainforests with the expansion of agriculture (Uhl and Buschbacher 1985), forest fragmentation, unsustainable shifting cultivation, and logging (Nepstad et al. 1999, Siegert et al. 2001, Alencar et al. 2006). Bonnet monkeys here still behave like forest primates and are not stealing food from homes. Image courtesy of Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal.
Publisher: Life Magazine; Inc. (January 18, 1954)
Deep Jungle: Travel to the Heart of the Rainforest
National Geographic: July 1967
Rain Forests (Interfact)
First Discovery: The Rain Forest [1ST DISCOVERY RAIN FOREST]
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National Geographic Index 1970-1975
Life Magazine: February 21, 1955 Vol. 38, No. 8
Meat is too expensive for many of the poor in these beef-exporting countries, yet in some cases cattle have ousted highly productive traditional agriculture. In Brazil, ranching is used to claim title to land, often for speculative mineral development Life Magazine - August 30, 1948. Fact 49: Reduce the consumption of beef to tone down the pressure to clear more forests for the cattle. Fact 50: Boycott companies by supporting organizations that care about the environment at the cost of fighting back for the evergreen trees Birds from the Rain Forest Region of Vera Cruz. Indigenous tribes are often key players in keeping poachers out of their forests The National Geographic Magazine. October, 1939.. Many rainforest species are rapidly disappearing due to deforestation, habitat loss and pollution of the atmosphere.  Despite the growth of vegetation in a tropical rainforest, soil quality is often quite poor. Rapid bacterial decay prevents the accumulation of humus. The concentration of iron and aluminium oxides by the laterization process gives the oxisols a bright red colour and sometimes produces mineral deposits such as bauxite Wildwood Wisdom. Thus, many trees that were formerly part of the European temperate forests have become extinct in the floristically impoverished forest regions of western Europe and are restricted to small refuge areas such as the Balkans and the Caucasus. For example, buckeye (Aesculus) and sweet gum (Liquidambar) are two trees that no longer occur naturally in most parts of Europe, having disappeared during the climatic turmoil of the past two million years Rain Forest Destruction (What If We Do Nothing?). FRAGSTATS v4: spatial pattern analysis program for categorical and continuous maps. Computer software program produced by the authors at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA. [online] URL: www.umass.edu/landeco/research/fragstats/fragstats.html. Selection of vertebrate wildlife indicators for monitoring sustainable forest management in Ontario National Geographic Magazine, March 1968 (Vol. 133 No. 3).
Recommended reading for anyone traveling to the Neotropics, particularly first-timers. ...more I had to read this book for my tropical forest ecology class. It was a little too scientifically based for me and a majority of the concepts that were explained in depth were things I had learned about previously and didn't necessarily enhance my understanding of the topics Scientific Results of an Expedition to Rain Forest Regions in Eastern Africa V: Reptiles.
. Tree planting under facilitating nurse shrubs is a typical example of the community approach to forest restoration Life Magazine - July 14, 1947
. In an Earth-centered community, all institutions through which humans act collectively would be designed to require behavior that is socially responsible from the perspective of the whole community. A society whose concern is to maintain the integrity or wholeness of the Earth must also refine its ideas about what is “right” and “wrong.” We may find it more useful to condone or disapprove of human conduct by considering the extent to which an action increases or decreases the health of the whole community and the quality or intimacy of the relationships between its members National Geographic Vol. 133 No. 4 (133)
Life Magazine - February 10, 1941
ecology of a Cracker Childhood (The World As Home)
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RAIN FORESTS OF THE WORLD - VOLUME 8 Orchid - Red Panda
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. At any given moment we’ve got animals living under our feet – some of them for 17 years at a time. An underground universe populated by mysterious creatures, digging… feeding… emerging. Sometimes their underground homes get paved over, or flooded, or have a bucket of bright green toxic sludge poured on them National Geographic Magazine, January / June 1959 (Vol. 115)
. See some of the mammals caught on camera. The team recorded mammals using trap-and-release techniques and motion-sensing cameras over three years, creating an unprecedented 20,000 records of species in three land-use types: old-growth forest, logged forest and oil palm plantation Canada, Alaska & Greenland Map, June 1947 (The National Geographic Magazine)
. The Tucurui dam was Brazil's first large hydroelectric project in Amazonia, flooding about 1,750 square kilometres (650 square miles) of rain forest. Under the Brazilian government's Piano 2010, some 136 new hydroelectric dams are planned. However, following the protest at Altamira by the Kayapo Indians (see page 112), the World Bank withdrew all its funding for Amazonian dams pdf
. Charcoal in Africa: Importance, problems and possible solution strategies. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit. URL: https://energypedia.info/images/2/22/Charco al-in-africa-gtz_2008-eng.pdf Karin Bucht is a MF candidate at the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies The Golden Spruce 1st (first) editon Text Only
. The future looked bright for the greens back then pdf
. The definition given for roadless is "the absences of roads which have been improved and maintained by mechanical means to insure relatively regular and continuous use."  However, there have been added sub-definitions that have, in essence, made this standard unclear and open to interpretation pdf. However the independent parties that instigated the system – i.e. The Nature Conservancy (TNC) of America, the Department for International Development (DFID) of UK and SGS/URS Forestry (a TNC consultant) continued to attempt to spread information about it in East Kalimantan. The East Kalimantan Working Group on Forests, (Coordinator, Yoga Sofyar), the Director of BEBSiC (Ade Fadli) and the Coordinator of Working Group 30 (Public Policy Advocacy Foundation), Kahar Al Bahri Canada, Alaska & Greenland Map, June 1947 (The National Geographic Magazine)
Nature Next Door: Cities and Trees in the American Northeast (Weyerhaeuser Environmental Books)
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2001 The Body in Space, Surviving th Odyssey; Great Barrier Reef, Australia's Coral Kingdom; Ancient Ashkelon, Dead Men Do Tell Tales; Japan's Imperial Palace, First Look Inside; ZipUSA: Quartzsite, AZ (National Geographic, January)
Life Magazine: July 11, 1960.
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They want development too, but their own kind of development on their own terms. There is no place like the Amazon jungle. Guyana has wasted its resources for a very long time and continues to pursue this course freely. Take a look at how much fresh water is sent into the river daily. That water can be saved and process cheaply for drinking and recreational reasons download
. Make a stop at the visitor center for maps and more information about the rainforest. El Yunque is open 7 days a week and it closes at 6pm. El Portal Tropical Forest Center on Rte. 191 is open daily from 9am – 5pm. Tel. (787) 888-1880 El Yunque Catalina Field Office along the highway on the north side of the forest offer hiking information and will help you plan tours of El Yunque including overnight ones Life Magazine from March 23, 1962 - Desert housing development
. Our main objective is to study the light pollution that came from the cities. We want to stop the waste of energy and the destruction of the mighty ecosystem. Your collaboration it is really important because algorithms cannot distinguis between stars, cities, and other objects (i.e. moon). Thus, we need your help to assess the light pollution in our world Life Magazine JANUARY 18, 1954 online! The photographs will be compiled in a time lapse series, which will be used to better understand seasonal changes in G. vermiculophylla populations download
. No matter where you live, city or suburb, from the Midwest to the East Coast, Canada to California, if squirrels live in your neighborhood, you are encouraged to become a squirrel monitor. The scientists at Project Squirrel will also use this project to understand the effect that participation in citizen science has on participants August 31, 1953 - LIFE Magazine 8/31/53 Donna Reed
. This mechanism authorizes rural communities and land users to benefit economically from their forest resources, while allowing them to manage the resources in ways that are founded upon traditional values and are compatible with local by laws and national legislation download Life Magazine JANUARY 18, 1954 pdf. M. "Climatic Impact of Tropical Lowland Deforestation on Nearby Montane Cloud Forests," Science, Vol. 294, 19 October 2001 Meher-Homji, V. M. "Probable Impact of Deforestation on Hydrologic Processes," Climatic Change, 19, 163-73, 1991. Meinzer, Frederick C., Clearwater, Michael J. and Goldstein, Guillermo, "Water transport in trees: current perspectives, new insights and some controversies," Environmental and Experimental Botany, 2001, 45, 239- 262 Woodlands (Collins New Naturalist)
. If so, it will have become a largely accidental victim of the various forces of human development. Not so the spectacular Banggai cardinalfish; a single decade of hunting for the aquarium trade has brought numbers down by an astonishing 90% Animals of the Tropical Rain Forest (Rosen Real Readers)
. Forest service offices are administering this unit Life Magazine, August 1, 1969
. Costa Rica has set a fine example with its network of national parks and reserves comprising 25% of the total national territory, but these microcosms are doomed to solitary existences and slow death as the surrounding, unprotected forests are destroyed National Geographic Magazine June 1979 Volume 155 Number 6
. Around the time I was working with Sedjo, I visited Plum Creek Timber in Maine where professional forester Carl Haag took me to a beautiful plantation of mature spruce. The trees were evenly spaced, and the area between them quite open because of the dense shade created by the spruce and the deep layer of needles on the ground. Haag said that the company ran tours for the public on its lands, including this plantation Deep in the Forest Life in Rain Forests